This is an important discussion, and I hope people will take a moment to follow the link I’ll get to in a moment. When I started this blog in 2008 I received a great deal of pushback from the sober recovery crowd. This article in particular stirred some animal spirits.

Jeffrey Junig saves drowning woman
Junig in the news

I would prefer that people use the link and read the longer version, where I explain my reasoning in greater detail. My point was that many studies have reported associations between personality disorders and addictive disorders. Likewise ‘recovery’, at least in 2008, usually followed a step-based model that emphasized character defects and the need to identify them, share them, and address them in order to find sustained recovery.

For some time after buprenorphine (a.k.a. Suboxone, Zubsolv, and generic buprenorphine or buprenorphine/naloxone combinations) was popularized many prescribers insisted that their patients attend twelve step programs.

I’m in recovery myself for over 20 years now after ‘old fashioned’ rehab, but I never saw value in pushing AA meetings on my patients. Why? Because I don’t believe anything is gained from forced AA attendance. A person forced to attend is much more likely to view meetings and attendants negatively, and much less likely to ever seek out such growth possiblities on his/her own.

The forced attendance was based on the idea that all addicts had something in them that needed to be changed, and they would never find that change on their own. That was completely inconsistent with my experience with hundreds (over 700) buprenorphine patients, most of whom experienced drastic life improvements over time on buprenorphine.

My post makes the argument that character defects in addiction are more dynamic than people understand. I don’t remember if I wrote this – but as an example, I saved a drowning woman at considerable risk to my own life when I was 19. Did I become a sociopath during my 8 months of addiction? If so, am I still? I did some very shameful things during those 8 months. But I thankfully I never considered myself irredeemable.

I wrote that it was the craving to use, and perhaps consequences of repeated episodes of character-defeating attempts at abstinence and withdrawal that create many of the ‘defects of character’ associated with addiction. And while personality disorders are generaly thought of as static, people who participate in ‘association studies’ are often involved in active addiction. I am not familiar with personality studies of people who have been in sustained remission for twenty years.

Please take the time to read that old post, and comment if you feel up to it. And if you see this on Linked IN, I read today that the way to get posts to spread on linked in is to comment with the phrase ‘Commenting for Reach’, so if you like my idea but have nothing to say, consider just saying that. I’m curious if it works, and if I’ll move up over where I usually rank there..


Stephanie · March 18, 2023 at 5:34 pm

I bet a lot of people are reading this and nodding their heads. The luke warm feelings many addicts have/had about forced 12 step recovery is articulated brilliantly in the long article. Makes me feel pretty fortunate to be your patient considering you’re a bit of a maverick (lol) when it comes to your approach to things. Can’t have been easy to stand up to the crowd of medical professionals or the general recovery network time and time again. Makes me wonder if you’re aware of any other doctors out there who take your stance. There has to be some right? Would be interesting to find out.

    J Junig MD PhD · March 20, 2023 at 10:49 am

    Thank you!

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